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The capital of the country is located in the Andean region, 2640 metres (8661 ft) above sea level, on the plateau called the Savannah of Bogota. The population is 8 million people. The average annual temperature is 14.0 °C (57 °F). The climate is characterized by dry and rainy seasons -a jacket or sweater is necessary. It is a modern, green, dynamic city, which in recent years has changed its face and turned from Cinderella into a princess.

In 2007, this capital city was awarded a golden lion architectural award at the La Biennale di Venezia in Italy, for achievements in the area of urban development. Also, Bogota was inaugurated as the World Book Capital for 2007 by UNESCO.

Bogota is also interesting thanks to its Ibero-American Theatre Festival, the most vital cultural event in Colombia, which takes place in this city every 2 years in April. The festival was first founded in 1988, and is regarded as one of the largest performing arts festivals in the world. It brings together the major theater groups/companies from all over the five continents, such as The Berliner Ensemble, Taganka Theatre, and others.

La Candelaria region has more than 50 historical places. Colonial style houses and narrow streets give an idea of how the city looked like in the 16th century when it was founded.  There are Presidential Palace, Bolivar Square, the National Capitol and a building known as the Liévano building, which is the seat for Bogota's Mayor, the Primate Cathedral (built in 1823), where the remains of a founder, conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, are stored. There is a history museum of the liberation movement of Bolivar - Casa del Florero - and also a museum of national costume, which is located in the house that belonged to Manuela Sáenz - Bolivar’s beloved one.  
It is interesting to visit the Chorro de Quevedo (Quevedo Stream), from which the building of the city began, as well as the house of Simon Bolivar, Quinta de Bolivar,  presented to the liberator of America in 1820 by the government.
The Botero Museum sits on a an entire block of museums (temporary and private collections from the collection of the Republic Bank, Numismatic museum), the principle attraction of which is the private collection of the world famous Colombian artist Fernando Botero, presented to the people of Colombia and including his own works, as well as 85 works from European impressionists.

 Monserrate mountain. The ride on the land railway or funicular to the height of 3152 meters takes only a few minutes. Monserrate mountain is a symbol and religious centre of the city. The church, dedicated to Black Madonna of Monserrat, was built in 1640. The original temple is located in Barcelona, Spain. One can have a grand view of the downtown area here. There is also a nice place where you can buy souvenirs,  or try traditional sea food in one of two restaurants - “Casa San Isidro”, designed like colonial house, and “Santa Clara”, built 100 years ago and carried to Monserrate by parts. 
The excursion without which you can hardly imagine Bogota is to one of the world's most significant collections, the Gold Museum, where there are 53,000 units of gold articles of the pre-Columbus cultures of chibcha, muiska, kimbayya and others. They also host the most valuable collection of ceramics, textile and mummies.  The culmination of this excursion is the visiting of the special gold salon, where in one room behind the glass display case there are 8000 gold articles. You will be shown a small, but impressive show with color effects and music. 
An evening program in the city could include visiting the northern districts of city, the viewpoint on La Calera mountain, from where the staggering panorama of city is opened, shopping centers, the park on 93 street, or the so-called ''Rose Zone,'' where the most elite bars, restaurants, discos, and commercial areas are concentrated. One favorite form of entertainment for city inhabitants is a night cavalcade through the environments. 
It is possible to make night walk through the colonial part of the city - Candelaria,  and to be introduced to the famous ghosts and the horror stories, the surprises await you. The tour concludes with a romantic supper in one of the area cafes.  An alternative for parents, with the children it is possible to visit the largest urban park - Simon Bolivar, the Salitre amusement park with aquapark or the Botanical garden, which includes 20 hectares of gardens, lakes and hot-houses, where plants from all of the climatic zones of Colombia are represented.
Ideal for the entire family is the excursion into the park Panaka (40 minutes from Bogota), the second largest coffee zone park in the country, where on the territory of 640 000 sq.m a world of domestic animals, unique in its size, is located. 2500 animals of 800 species are divided on the stations (poultry breeding, pig breeding, stock breeding, dog breeding, etc). Here it is possible to see a bull with the biggest horns in the world, a horse of dog’s height, a hen 6 cm. high, or to feed suckling-pigs, watch a horse show, and try some sugar cane juice.

For one whole day or 2 days you can go to Villa de Leyva (4 hours by ground-based transport). This is a trip to the department of Boyaca. You will be able to enjoy the splendid Andes views of West Cordillera, which are striking with all varieties of green color. This department is considered to be the cradle of the independence of Colombia, as all main battles for Bolivar’s troops for the liberation took place here .
You’ll stop at the place of the battle held on August 7, 1819 that marked the beginning of Independence Day of Colombia - Puente de Boyaca. This battle plays the same role in the history of the country as the Borodino battle for Russia. A majestic memorial complex is attended.
You will definitely stop in the capital of the department, Tunja city. Founded in 1539, the city is characterized by colonial architecture. Do not be limited by a brief viewing of the central area and ancient cathedral - you should also visit Santa Domingo temple, which is considered a pearl of colonial skill, or the "Sistine Chapel of Latin America."

For a whole day excursion (trip by ground-based transport), go into the complex thermal ponds of Los Volkanes (1.5 hours from the city). These are unique natural saunas and ponds with mineral water. Their water comes from underground geysers and is rich in mineral elements - iron, magnesium, and others. On the way back you can visit the unique underground Salt Cathedral, hollowed in the salt mine in Zipaquira city. indigenous peoples had been extracting rock salt here for centuries long before Columbus. 
During this excursion it is also possible to visit one of the flower plantations and get to know the process of cultivation of roses or carnations, which are exported to almost all markets in the world, including Russia. 
For a half-day trip you can visit (by ground-based transport) a lake and Guatavita village, 1.5 hours from the city. This is where the legend of El Dorado arose, connected to the rite in which the Muiska tribe carried out. A leader covered in gold dust bathed in the waters of lake and sacrificed gold artifacts to the gods. The lake is a deep, round crater in an unstudied region, with emerald-green water in an environment with a splendid mountain view. Many treasure seekers attempted to find gold hidden on the bottom, but all attempts failed. They either perished or techniques were rejected. Furthermore, the thick mud layer and depth of the lake did not make it possible to reach the secrets of Guatavita. 
The village Guatavita is located on the shore of the reservoir. It was built in the 1960s to replace old Guatavita, now flooded with waters from the reservoir, which was built by a Greek architect. So the architecture of the apartment-houses, museums and public buildings bears a Mediterranean style. There are also souvenir markets here, and at the lake it is possible to rent a boat or ride a horse. On the way back it is possible to visit the famous restaurant Margaret Del Ochoa, which once belonged to the family of infamous drug trafficker Fabio Ochoa. This restaurant is famous for Colombian food, and also for horse shows. The best breeds of Colombian pacers will be shown to you.  

For one whole day or 2 days you can go to Villa de Leyva (4 hours by ground-based transport). This is a trip to the department of Boyaca. You will be able to enjoy the splendid Andes views of West Cordillera, which are striking with all varieties of green color. This department is considered to be the cradle of the independence of Colombia, as all main battles for Bolivar’s troops for the liberation took place here .
You’ll stop at the place of the battle held on August 7, 1819 that marked the beginning of Independence Day of Colombia - Puente de Boyaca. This battle plays the same role in the history of the country as the Borodino battle for Russia. A majestic memorial complex is attended. 
You will definitely stop in the capital of the department, Tunja city. Founded in 1539, the city is characterized by colonial architecture. Do not be limited by a brief viewing of the central area and ancient cathedral - you should also visit Santa Domingo temple, which is considered a pearl of colonial skill, or the "Sistine Chapel of Latin America."

Villa de Leyva is considered a national achievement of the country. Nowadays it is one of the most important tourist centers. The main square, with the diameter of 14000sqm, is the largest central square in Colombia. The city is full of comfortable restaurants in the ancient patio, museums, and hotels. Furthermore, it is situated in an area which was once the bottom of a prehistoric sea. There are plenty of fossils (even the facades of houses or streets strikes one with an enormous quantity of amonites). Besides this, it is possible to see the fossil remains of marine dinosaur - the cronosaur, unique to South America, which lived 20 million years ago. Furthermore this city possesses a special aura, defined by Bohemity and a soft warm climate. The mean temperature is 20-22 degrees Celsius. There are also places of interest in the environments surrounding Villa de Leyva.  There are ancient Catholic monasteries, a temple of flora and fauna – lake Iguake, where ecological tours are offered, a desert  - the bottom of the prehistoric sea, where amonites are found just below the surface, and the ancient observatory of the Muisca, named "small hell" by the Spaniards. Gigantic rock phalluies - a part of this observatory and the symbol of fertility - were perceived by Spaniards as worship of evil powers. 
You can take a trip to one of the hot towns (1-2 hours)  La Vega, Villeta, or Jirardot. You can see the landscape change from the high mountain region to the tropics, as eucalyptuses are changed to palms and everything undergoes a sharp change of climate. You can stop in one of the tropical hotels and spend a day in the pond, among the palms. Is possible to visit the Jirardot aquapark.

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Random Photo from gallery Bogota


Зипакира Соляной Собор 7
Piscilago 21
Виды Боготы 17
Музей золота 3
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